Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone

This is a pantropical species. It is found almost throughout the tropical parts of India along roadsides and near crop fields up to 2800 m altitude.nnBIBLIOGRAPHY-GENERALnAnonymous, Distribution of Medicinal Plant, A database on distribution, FRLHT, Banga

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Concan
Plains
Western coastal
Deccan Plateau
Western ghats
all districts
Poonch Kashmir Alpine
Bangalore
Bombay
Champaran
S. Arcot
Subtropical
Temperate regions
Tropical Asia

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References


Kaiyadev Nighantu
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
Madanpala Nighantu
Ashtanga Sangraha
Charaka Samhita
Dhanvantari Nighantu
Raj Nighantu
Sushruta Samhita


Oshadhivarga
Guduchyadivarga
Abhayadivarga
Sutrasthana
Karaviradivarga
Shatahvadivarga

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Medicinal Parts


Whole plant

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Medicinal Action


Adaptogenic
Aphrodisiac
Cardio tonic
Improves voice
Laxative
Purgative
Spermatogenic
Tridoshashamaka/Kaphashamaka

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Miscellaneous


Salempur
Karanja
Medshi
Narnalafort
Patur
Danpur
Jolana
Katghora
Tolpetty
Mondal
Phata
Bababudangiri
Kemmangundi
Main falls
Tekkumalai
Ponmudi
Jarain
Rangapurama
Veldurthi
Mahaballeshwar
Mombojipally
Bogada
Chelama
Ambevani
Deolali
Nanduri fort hill
Walayar forest
Matheran
Murud
Deopura
Raipur
Ajmer Rd
Amarsagar
Balotra Rd.
Mt.Abu
Nathadawara
Siriska Tiger Reserve
Vijarkhi Lake near Jamnagar
Punnamala
ramghat
Pallangi
Vilpatti
Ootacamund
Mahableshwar
Ghati village
Umarkhed
Narasapur
Rampa
Simla hills,Bashahr himalayas
Bada Bagh
M.V.M.gardens
Banglibetta-Devarayadurga
Bankaldoddi R.F.
Chandankuppe on Magadi Road
Chickballapur-Bangalore Road 5th mile
Hungund on Mudgal Road
Tank,Gulbarga
Poshiana
On Tonk road
Amer
Durgapura
Gangwal gardens
Golimar gardens
Mansagar
Maota
Ramgarh
Sanganer
University premises
University reserve forests
Ambejawalge
Ausa fort
Naldurg fort
Weed
Hamsarali
Kadagandi
Kurmagandhi South West
Geddapalli, Polavaram Forest Range
Rekulapadu, Jangareddigudem Forest Range
Hebbal
Triputi
Secunderabad
Panhala
Annamalainagar

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Pharmacology

Chemical constituentsnRoot & Stem -- Tigogenin , Uttronins , Uttrosides , Berries -- Steroidal glycosides ( Desgalactotigonin , Solamargine , Solasonine , Glucopyranosyl lycotetraoside ) [7035] , Steroidal alkaloids from berries , Quercetin glycosides fr

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

Herbaceous shrubs, to 1.5 m high. Branchlets zigzag, sparsely scabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate-elliptic or oblong, rounded to decurrent at base, acute at apex, bluntly toothed or lobed along margins, up to 12 cm long and 7 cm broad; petiole to 5

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat

Shrub

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Fallow fields
Gardens and Roadsides
waste land
open waste land
Cultivated fields and Plains
Forest clearings
Open & Partially shaded places in Forests
Infrequent
moist deciduous forest
Road sides
Moist Shola
Shady places
all elevations
weed of roadsides, cultivation
Moist places
Waste places
Crevices of old buildings
Orchards
Wet shady places
Moist places along tracks
Weed in road sides
weed in waste places
Along the road
Streams
Fields under cultivation
Wetlands
Cultivated fields near the Forest outskirts

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Uses Management

Uses


Asthma
Cardiac disorders
Cough
Dermatoses
Fever
Hiccup
Loss of appetite
Piles
Rat poisoning
Urinary disorders
Vomiting
Colic/Pain
Pruritus

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