Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone

Globally the species is distributed in the Indo-Malesian region and Peninsular India. Though it is naturalised in many dry regions of India, the principal natural tracts of sandal trees are confined to areas of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

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Deccan
Northern Circars
Plains
Concan
Western ghats
Bangalore
Bombay
Eastern ghats
eastern parts of Rajasthan state
Goa
Malabar Coast
Peninsular India
s. arcot
Western peninsula

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References


Dhanvantari Nighantu
Raj Nighantu
Madanpala Nighantu
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
Kaiyadev Nighantu
Sodhal Nighantu
Charaka Samhita
Ashtanga Hridayam
Aljamili Mufradat Aladwiya wal Aghaziya
Ikhtiyarate-Badi
Al-Qanoon


Chandanadivarga
Karpuradivarga
Oshadhivarga
Sutrasthana
Chikitsasthana

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Medicinal Parts


Heartwood

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Medicinal Action


Aphrodisiac
Blood purifier
Cardio tonic
Cooling
deodorant
Digestive
Improves complexion of skin
Kaphapittashamaka/Pittashamaka
Astringent
Attenuant
Desiccant
Liver tonic
Refreshing/Exhilarant
Stomachic
Useful for hot temperament

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Miscellaneous


Alegaon
Kasmar
Palodi
South - West of Poona
Ezhimala
Karimbam
Tolpetty
Tekkumalai
Mogulutla
Nallamalais
Mahaballeshwar
zaheerabad
Chamundi hills
M.M.Hills
Diguvametta
Konambe
southwards
N. Nilgiris
Kalasgiri hill
Roha
Dhamtari
chapi river
Lotia Jhil
Pratapgarh
sambher
Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth
Umarda forest nursery
Regional Research Station,Brahmavar
Karimpuzha,Nilambur
Katraj ghat
Chintapalli
Triumala hills
M.V.M.gardens
Sehore
Allambgiri F.B.
Anantpur R.F.
Chitradurg-Davangere Road 26th mile
Chitradurg-Tumkur Road 59th mile
Chowdlapura S.F.
Dhannora R.F.
Ittikaldurga S.F.I.
Janekal S.F.
Jogimatti S.F.
Kamplapura S.F.
Kamsandra S.F.III
Mallampalli S.F.
Mamdapur
Ramgad S.F.
Sandur Hills
Siddarbetta S.F.
Sindgi-Bijapur road 50 Km.
Along Cooum at Chetpat
Guindy park
Pallavaram
Ramniwas
Papnas
Mandasa
Melghat
Mahabaleshwar
Pune
Nandi hills

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Pharmacology

Plant Part Wood, Volatile oil nnChemical Constituents nHeart wood -Volatile oil 2.5 -6 % containing Santalol - odour component ( 90 % ), isovaleric aldehyde, Santanone, santalone, Esters, Free acids, Dark resin, Tannic acid . Seeds - viscid fixed oil ( 50

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

Evergreen, semi-parasitic trees, up to 15 m tall. Bark rough, vertically fissured; blaze yellowish; wood highly fragrant. Leaves opposite, elliptic-ovate, 3-6 x 1.5-3 cm, subcoriaceous, glabrous, subacute at both ends, margin entire; petioles ca 1.5 cm lo

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat

Tree

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Deciduous forest
Dry deciduous forest
Open areas
moist deciduous forest
dry forests
Hill slopes
Field hedges
Cultivated fields and Plains
hedge rows
Decidious forest
Gardens
along Roadsides
Lateritic slopes
low altitudes
hills

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Uses Management

Uses


Burning sensation
Delusion
Diseases of Buccal cavity
Excessive thirst
Fever
Intrinsic haemorrhage
Poison
Vomiting
Worms
Blood disorders
Consumption
Exhaustion
Fatigue
Pruritus
Vatarakta
Bodyache
Erysipelas
Tuberculosis
Catarrah
Headache
Palpitation
Weak stomach function
Acute inflammation
Gout

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