Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone

Globally the species is distributed in Asia, Africa and Europe. Within India it is found throughout the hilly districts ascending upto 3750 m.nnBIBLIOGRAPHY-GENERALnAnonymous, Distribution of Medicinal Plants, A Database on Distribution, FRLHT, Bangalore

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Western coastal
Plateau
Tropics
Western ghats
Himalayas
Khasi hills
North West Himalayas
Northern Circars
S. Arcot
Tropical Asia
Tropical Countries

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References


Ikhtiyarate-Badi
Al-Qanoon
Ashtanga Hridayam
Kitab-Al-Kulliyat
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
Madanpala Nighantu
Sodhal Nighantu
Charaka Samhita
Dhanvantari Nighantu
Kaiyadev Nighantu
Raj Nighantu


Haritakyadivarga
Abhayadivarga
Guduchyadivarga
Sutrasthana
Oshadhivarga
Pippalyadivarga

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Medicinal Parts


Leaf
roots
Stem

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Medicinal Action


Cleansing of liver
Cleansing of spleen
Deobstruent
Detergent
Diuretic
Emmenagogue
Oxytocic
Improves complexion of skin
Improves voice
Kaphashamaka/ Vatapittashamaka

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Miscellaneous


Tolpetty
Bababudangiri
Bhyrapura forests
Charmadi ghats
Kemmangundi
Kerekatte
Kotigehar on the way to Kalhattigiri
Samse
Somanakad state forests, charmadi
Tungabhadra state forests, Kerekatte
Kailasa mottai
Tekkumalai
Jarain
Mahaballeshwar
Attikan(B.R.Hills)
Bedguli(B.R.Hills)
Tulung-Kunung,NAMDAPHA
Ambewadi
Silent Valley
ganjam
Dam Site
amboli
hiranyakeshi
Nangartas
phondaghat
Shevroys
Mahableshwar
Nadugani Ghats, Nilambur
Thalichola,Nilambur
Tirumala hills way to Japala
Shillong
Chikhalda plateau , Melghat
Radhanagari
Mahabaleshwar
Lovedale

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Pharmacology

Plant Part Root nnChemical Constituents Glucoside - Munjistin [7046] . Roots -- Alizarin and its glucoside, Dihydroxy methyl anthraquinone and derivatives, Lucidine, Primevoside, Ruberythric acid [7041] . Cyclic hexapeptides - RA - III, IV, V and VII [703

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

A rugose scandent vine or herb. Branches 4-angled. Leaves whorled, 4 at the node, cordate, entire margin. Flowers greenish-white, terminal and axillary in dichasial cymes. Drupes globose, fleshy purple black when mature.nnBIBLIOGRAPHY-GENERALnFRLHT'S Medi

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat


moist deciduous forest
evergreen forest
semi evergreen forest
Edges of Forests & Forests
ghat slopes
hills
along slopes of ghats
Undergrowth
Thicket and Bushes
shola
Thickets
Forest margins
Higher elevations of Primary forests

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Herb

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Uses Management

Uses


Atony
Hip joint pain
Insect poison
Jaundice
Obstruction in liver
Obstruction in spleen
Paralysis
Ptyriasis alba
Ringworm
Scars on the skin
Sciatica
Splenitis
Trauma
Vitiligo
Blood disorders
Dermatoses
diarrhoea with blood
Diseases of ear
Diseases of eye
Erysipelas
Fever
Oedema
Pain in eye
Pain in Vagina
Ulcer
Urinary disorders
Vaginal disorder
Piles

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