Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone


Bangalore
Bombay
Champaran
Himalayas
Kameng
Kanpur
North-Western Himalaya

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This species is distributed across S.Europe, N.Africa and S.E.Asia. It grows wild in the sub-Himalayan tracts up to 1500 m altitude; cultivated throughout India for its edible fruits.nnBIBLIOGRAPHY-GENERALnAnonymous, Distribution of Medicinal Plants, A D

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References


Ashtanga Hridayam
Sushruta Samhita
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
Sodhal Nighantu
Kaiyadev Nighantu
Raj Nighantu
Ashtanga Sangraha
Charaka Samhita
Madanpala Nighantu


Chikitsasthana
Sutrasthana
Uttarasthana/Uttaratantra
Amradiphalavarga
Shatapushpadivarga
Oshadhivarga
Amradivarga
Phaladivarga

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Medicinal Parts


Bark
Flower bud
fruit
seeds

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Medicinal Action


Appetiser
Astringent
Cardio tonic
Constipative
Digestive
Intellect promoting
Kaphapittanashamaka/Vatashamaka/Pittashamaka/Vatakaphashamaka
Ophthalmic
Spermatogenic
Tarpana

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Soil


loamy soil

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Miscellaneous


Nandprayag
Mahaballeshwar
Kulu valley
M.V.M.gardens
Rajpur
Osmanabad town
Palakonda
Pedavegi ; Eluru F.R.
Melghat
Balarampur
Manohar garden
Radhanagari
Ahmednagar
Annamalainagar
Coonoor

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Pharmacology

Plant Part Fruit rind , Bark nnChemical Constituents nPelletierine and derivatives, Ellagic acid and derivatives, Piperidine derivatives, Polyphenols [7073] ; Granatin A & B, Punicalagin, Punicalin [7041] , Root bark -Alkaloids (0.1-0.7%) Pelletierine and

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

A shrub or small tree, ca 10 m high. Bark smooth, dark grey. Branchlets sometimes spiniscent. Leaves 2.0-8.0 cm long, oblong or obovate, shining above. Flowers scarlet red and sometimes yellow, ca 5.0 cm long, mostly solitary or 2-4 together. Fruits (Bala

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat

Shrub/Small tree

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Foothills
Gardens
Dry places
Fruit orchards
Cultivated
Back-yards of houses
Cultivated fields and Plains
Forests
valleys

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Uses Management

Uses


Alcoholism
Asthma
Bleeding piles
Burning sensation
Cardiac disorders
Cough
Diarrhoea
Diseases of Buccal cavity
Diseases of throat
Erysipelas
Excessive thirst
Eye diseases
Fainting
Fatigue
Fever
Freckles
Intrinsic haemorrhage
Retention of urine
Unconsciousness
Vomiting
Anaemia
Blood disorders
Constipation
Gulma

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