Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone

This species is paleotropical in its distribution occurring in the Indo-Malesia belt, SriLanka and South China. Within India, it is reported to be abundant in the deciduous forests of Madhya Pradesh and widely cultivated in the plains of Jammu & Kashmir,

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Concan
Western ghats
Western coastal
Aravalli
Bangalore
Bombay Presidency
Deccan Plateau
eastern parts of Rajasthan state
Tropical Asia

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References


Ashtanga Hridayam
Kitab-Al-Kulliyat
Aljamili Mufradat Aladwiya wal Aghaziya
Kamile-Sana (Urdu- Tarjuma)

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Medicinal Parts


fruit

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Medicinal Action


Aphrodisiac
Appetiser
Astringent
Blackening of hair
Cardio tonic
Haemostatic
Hair growth Promoter
Intellect promoting
Laxative
Melanogogue & Phlegmagogue
Muqavvi-e-maqad
Nervine tonic
Ophthalmic
Stomachic

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Miscellaneous


Chikhalwal
Karla
Bagaycha forest
Ghatol
Rowal Hindvela forest
Korba to Kudmura
Korbi
Madai
Pasan
Matheran
Irpu
Kushalnagar
Shanivarasanthe
codal
Colomba reserve forest
Dolara forest
Kulacheamal
Lake near Chinchinum
Molem
Nadquem-Quer Hills
Potiem forest
Saily
Surla
Verlem
wadicha dongar
Garampani
Balugram
Chelama
Dhongabhavigonda
Nallamalais
Narsapur Reserve Forest
Gopalaswamy hills
Kakanakote
Manasagangotri
Ahobilam
Walayar forest
Karnala fort
Mahabaleshwar
Pen
Amer-lake
Kumbharwali
Mt.Abu
Tehla
bhairy pathar
ghotge
phondaghat
tirali
Jaldapara
Cuddapah
Donubayi
Chinagora
Gudivada
Marripadu
Chilakaluru; Polavaram F.R
Chintapalli; Knannapuram F.R.
Kallumamidi; Knannapuram F.R.
Rekulapadu; Jangareddigudem F.R.
pune
Radhanagari
Khandala
Panhala

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Pharmacology

Plant Part Fruits nnChemical Constituents nFruit -- Ascorbic acid, Gibberellin ---A3, A4, A9 ; Sugars, Kaempferol, Phyllimbic acid ( 6.3 % ), Alkaloid ---Phyllantidine & Phyllantine ( Zealin & deriv.) ; Leaf -- Astrgalin, Chebulagic acid, Chibulinic acid,

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

A medium sized tree with leaves oblong and acute. Flowers in axillary monoecious fascicles, female flowers sessile. Fruits depressed globose, fleshy when young. In the beginning, the fruit appears to be drupaceous because of the fleshy pericarp and finall

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat

Tree

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Forests
dry deciduous forest
shaded areas
Deciduous forests
open grasslands
Mixed deciduous forest
Decidious forest
Plains
Slopes
Hill slopes
Hilly regions
Gardens

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Uses Management

Uses


Hararat-e-damag
Loss of hair
Piles
Polydipsia
Vomiting
Diarrhoea
Diseases of melanocholy
Haemorrhage

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