Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone

It is a native of North East India. Globally the species is distributed in the Indo-Malesian region and SriLanka. Within India its presence is reported from the lower hills of Central to Eastern Himalayas as well as Western Ghats of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

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Western ghats
Champaran
Concan
Himalayas
Khasi hills
S. Arcot

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References


Charaka Samhita
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
Dhanvantari Nighantu
Kaiyadev Nighantu
Madanpala Nighantu
Ashtanga Hridayam
Ashtanga Sangraha
Raj Nighantu
Sodhal Nighantu
Sushruta Samhita


Chikitsasthana
Haritakyadivarga
Shatapushpadivarga
Oshadhivarga
Shunthyadivarga
Uttarasthana/Uttaratantra
Sutrasthana
Pippalyadivarga

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Medicinal Parts


Flower
roots

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Medicinal Action


Adaptogenic
Alleviator of cold
Analgesic
Aphrodisiac
Appetiser
Cardio tonic
Contraceptive
Cooling
Digestive
Diuretic
Improves voice
Increases span of Life
Intellect promoting
Kanthya
Kaphashamaka/Kaphapittashamaka/Kaphavatashamaka/Vatashamaka/Tridoshashamaka/Pittashamaka
Laxative
Memory tonic
Purgative
Yonivishodhana

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Miscellaneous


Aralam
Way to Panoth
Sohka
Sappal hill
Anamalai Hills
Jaldapara
Canoli,Nilambur
Mikir hills
Baleru
Chinagora
Radhanagari
Balehonnur
Bapella

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Pharmacology

Plant Part Fruits nnChemical Constituents nPiperine, Piplartine [7041] , Pipernoline, Piperundecalidine [7035] , Roots -Piperolactam A, B and Piperadine [7036] ; Aristolactam A - II ; Fruit -Eicosadienamide, Eicosatrienamide, Guineensine, Longamide, Octad

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

A perennial creeping under shrub. Branchlets erect, glabrous with swollen nodes. Roots clasping at nodes which help to get attached to the host trees. Leaves alternate, ovate-cordate, apex acute to acuminate, margin entire, glabrous. Male spikes greenish-

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat

Undershrub

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evergreen forest
Primary forests
Mixed deciduous forest
low levels
Cultivated
Damp shady places
Forest beat
hedges of Moist deciduous forests
Moist shady areas of Moist deciduous forests
Scrub jungles of Moist deciduous forests

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Uses Management

Uses


Abdominal discomfort due to constipation
Abdominal disorders
Ama
Anaemia
Asthma
Cardiac disorders
Chronic fever
Chronic rhinitis
Colic/Pain
Consumption
Cough
Dermatoses/Skin diseases
Diarrhoea
Diseases of Buccal cavity
Diseases of eye
Erysipelas
Excessive thirst
Galagraha
Gulma/Vatagulma
Headache
Hiccup
Hoarseness of voice
Indigestion
Intermittent fever
Irritable bowel syndrome
Loss of appetite
Obesity
Oedema
Pain in Vagina
Piles
Pleurisy
Poison
Seminal disorders
Splenic disorder
Splenomegaly
Suptajihva
Tuberculosis
Udavarata
Urinary disorders
Urustambha
Vaginal disorder
Vatarakta
Vataroga
Vomiting
Wasting
Worms
Diseases of throat
Hepatosplenomegaly
Dysentery
Intrinsic haemorrhage
Flatulence
Lock jaw
Sciatica

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