Base Elements

Biogeographic Zone

This species is native to Indo-Myanmar. Globally distributed across India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China and some islands of W.Malesia. It is distributed throughout India, extensively cultivated for its edible fruits across.nnBIBLIOGRAPHY-GENERALnAnonymous,

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Himalayas
Concan
Western coastal
Western ghats
Plains
Bangalore
Bombay
East Himalayas
Eastern ghats
Garo hills
Khasi hills
Kumaon
Peninsular India
S. Arcot
Siang
Sub Himalayan Tract
Subansiri
Subtropical Himalayas
Tropical Asia
Tropical countries
Western peninsula

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References


Bhavaprakasha Nighantu
Madanpala Nighantu
Sushruta Samhita
Kaiyadev Nighantu
Sodhal Nighantu
Charaka Samhita
Raj Nighantu
Ashtanga Hridayam


Amradiphalavarga
Phaladivarga
Sutrasthana
Oshadhivarga
Amradivarga
Uttarasthana/Uttaratantra

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Medicinal Parts


Bark
fruit
Leaf
seeds

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Medicinal Action


Aphrodisiac
Appetiser
Astringent
Cardio tonic
Haematinic
Hair growth Promoter
Improves complexion of skin
Increases span of Life
Laxative
Purgative
Purishasangrahaneeya
Skin tonic
Spermatogenic
Tarpana
Urinary astringent
Vatashamaka / Pittashamaka / Kaphashamaka / Kaphavatashamaka

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Miscellaneous


Rambagh
Ghatol
Kabirchabutra
Khondra
Forest
Periya
Villages
Khanapur Forest
Canacona
Gundlabrahmeswaram
Mahaballeshwar
Manasagangotri
Gundlakamma
Ambevani
Hatgad
Ambatha
Mahad
Matheran
Roha
Sitanadi
Bara bagh
Mejadam
Mount Abu
Valiyaparathode
ambolighat
sawantwadi
Northern areas
Regional Research Station,Brahmavar
Nedumkayam, Nilambur
Village of Katraj ghats
M.L.B campus
M.V.M. campus
Rajpur
Osmanabad town
Jodumamilla area near Rekulapadu, Jangareddigudem
Kovvada, Knannapuram Forest Range
Thotagandibata, Polavaram Forest Range
Melghat
Mamdore garden
New Delhi
Aundha Nagnath
Agri. Hort . Soc. Gdns.
Vengurla
amravati
Aurangabad
Khandala
Lonavala
Mahabaleshwar
Panhala
pune
ratnagiri
Washim
purandar
Radhanagari
Agric.and Hort.Soc.Gardens
Annamalainagar
Hebbal
Barabagh garden
Dehra Dun
Hassan Dist
Idukki dist
Jaisalmir Dist
N. lakhimpur
Thana dist
Tinnevelly Dist

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Pharmacology

Chemical constituentsnLeaf -- Tannins(10%) and flavonoids [7070] ;Mangiferin in leaf ; Mangiferol , Mangiferolic acid from bark ; Triterpenes [7071]nnBiological activitynGallic acid 1mg/ml & Quercetin 4 mg/ ml showed antiinfluenza virus activity [7035] ;

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Description

General/Morphology/LifeForm

An evergreen tree, erect, much branched growing ca 8 m tall. Barks cracked in a systematic manner, 50-150 cm across. Leaves alternate, spirally arranged, petiolated, entire, coriaceous, lanceolate, glossy on upper surface and hairy on the lower surface; l

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Habitat Location Distribution

Habit & Habitat


Cultivated fields and Plains
Gardens and Roadsides
Banks of streams
dry deciduous forest
moist deciduous forest
Road sides
villages
along the stream
Hill slopes
Mixed forests
open forest
Orchards
Along the roads
evergreen forest
semi evergreen forest
planted on outskirts of village
Sandstone areas
River banks
Road side tree
Hilly regions
Coastal areas
Hill forests
Wild
Foot hills
Cultivated fields & along stream sides.at lower elevations
Cultivated fields & along stream sides at lower elevations
Ravines

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Tree

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Uses Management

Uses


Blood disorders
Diarrhoea
Ulcer
Urinary disorders
Alcoholism
Burning sensation
Diseases of Buccal cavity
Diseases of throat
Excessive thirst
Eye diseases
Fatigue
Intrinsic haemorrhage
Paediatric disorders
Unmantha
Vaginal disorder
Vomiting
Epistaxis

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